Yamin Kogoya: The fate of Papua’s governor Enembe – where is he now?

By APR editor –  

SPECIAL REPORT: By Yamin Kogoya

On Friday 10 February 2023, it will be one month since the Papua Governor Lukas Enembe was “kidnapped” at a local restaurant during his lunch hour by the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) and security forces.

The crisis began in September 2022, when Governor Enembe was named a suspect by the KPK and summoned by Indonesia’s Mobile Brigade Corps, known as BRIMOB, after being accused of receiving bribes worth one million rupiah (NZ$112,000).

Since the governor’s kidnapping, Indonesian media have been flooded with images and videos of his arrest, his deportation, being handcuffed in Jakarta while in an orange KPK (prisoner) uniform, and his admission to a heavily armed military hospital.

Besides the public display of power, imagery, morality and criminality with politically loaded messages, the governor, his family, and his lawyers are still enmeshed in Jakarta’s health and legal system, while his health continues to steadily deteriorate.

His first KPK investigation on January 12 failed because of his declining health, among other factors such as insufficient or no concrete evidence to be found to date.

During the first examination, the governor’s attorney, Petrus Bala Pattyona, stated his client was asked eight questions by the KPK investigators. However, all eight questions,  Petrus stressed, had no substance to relevant matters involved — the alegations against the governor.

None of the questions from the KPK were included in the investigation material, according to the attorney. Enembe’s health condition was the first question asked by the investigator, Petrus told Kompas TV.

“First, he was asked if Mr Lukas was in good enough health to be examined? His answer was that he was unwell and that he had had a stroke,” Petrus said.

But the examination continued, and he was asked about the history of his education, work, and family. According to the governor’s attorney, during the lengthy examination no questions were asked about the examination material.

To date, authorities in Jakarta continue to question the governor and others suspected of involvement in the alleged corruption case, including his wife and son.

Meanwhile, the governor’s health crisis is causing a massive rift between the governor’s side, civil society groups and government authority.

Fresh update
“The governor of Papua is critically ill today but earlier the KPK still forced an examination and wanted to take him to the Gatot Subroto Hospital, owned by the Indonesian Army; the governor refused and requested treatment in Singapore instead” said the governor’s family last Thursday (February 2), after trying to report the mistreatment case to the country’s Human Rights Commission, who have been dispersed by the Indonesian military and police.

It appears, they continued, that the Indonesian Medical Association (IDI) and Gatot Subroto Hospital did not transparently disclose the real results of the Papua governor’s medical examination.

Instead, they hid and kept the governor’s illness quiet. As a result, Lukas Enembe was forced to undergo an investigation by the KPK.

Angered by this treatment, the governor’s team said, “only those who are unconscious and dead to humanity can insist that the governor is well.”

They said that IDI, Gatot Subroto Hospital and KPK had “played with the pain and the life” of Papua’s Governor Lukas Enembe.

“Still, the condition hurts. The governor complained that in KPK custody, there was no appropriate bedding for sick people. Earlier today, the governor’s family complained about the situation to the country’s human rights commission, but they refused to accept it.

“That’s where the governor is, and that’s where we are now. They even call for security forces to be deployed at the human rights office as if we were committing crimes there,” the governor’s family stated.

“Save Lukas Enembe and save Papua. Papuans must wake up and not be caught off guard. They keep the governor in KPK’s facilities even though he is very ill,” the statement continued.

Grave concerns
In his statement, Gabriel Goa, board chair at the Indonesian Law and Human Rights Institute, criticised the Human Rights Commission. He said he questioned the integrity of the chair of the National Human Rights Commission, Atnike Nova Sigiro, for not independently investigating the violations of the rights of the governor by the KPK.

Goa stated that he had “never seen anything like this” in his 20 years of handling cases related to violations of human rights.

This was the first he had seen the office of Human Rights Commission involving security forces attending victims seeking help. The kind of treatment that is being perpetrated against Indigenous Papuans is indeed of a particular nature.

Goa warned: “If this is ignored, and something bad happens to Governor Lukas Enembe, the Human Rights Commission and KPK Indonesia will be held responsible, since victims, their families, and their legal companions have made efforts as stipulated by law.”

Despite these grave concerns for the Governor’s health and rights violations, the deputy chair of the KPK, Alexander Marwata, stated: “Governor Enembe is well enough to undergo the KPK’s investigation and doesn’t need to go to Singapore.

“The Indonesian authority says Gatot Subroto Hospital and IDI can handle his health needs, institutions the governor and his family refused to use because of the psychological trauma of the whole situation.”

‘Inhumane’ treatment of Enembe condemned
In response to Jakarta’s mistreatment of Governor Enembe, Papua New Guinea’s Vanimo-Green MP Belden Namah condemned Jakarta’s “cruel behaviour”.

Namah, whose electorate borders Papua province, said it was very difficult to ignore this issue because of Namah’s people’s traditional and family ties that extend beyond Vanimo into West Papua.

According to the PNG Post-Courier, he urged the United Nations to investigate the issue, particularly the manner in which Governor Enembe was being treated by the Indonesian government.

The way PNG’s Namah asked to be investigated is the way in which Jakarta treats the leaders of West Papua — cunning deceptions that undermine their efforts to deliver their own legal and moral goods and services for Papuans.

This manner of conduct was criticised even last September when the drama began.

Responding to the way KPK conducted itself, Dr Roy Rening, a member of the governor’s legal team, stated the governor’s designation as a suspect had been prematurely determined.

This was due to the lack of two crucial pieces of evidence necessary to establish the legitimacy of the charge within the existing framework of Indonesia’s legal procedural code.

Dr Rening also argued that the KPK’s behaviour in executing their warrant, turned on a dime. The governor was unaware that he was a suspect, and that he was already under investigation by the KPK when he was summoned to appear.

In his letter, Dr Rening explained that Governor Enembe had never been invited to clarify and/or appear as a witness pursuant to the Criminal Procedure Code. The KPK instead declared the governor as a suspect based on the warrant letters, which had also changed dates and intent.

Jakarta’s deceptive strategies targeting Papuan leaders
There appears to be a consistent pattern of Indonesia’s behaviour behind the scenes as well — setting traps and plotting that ultimately led to the kidnapping of the governor, the same manner as when West Papua’s sovereignty was kidnapped 61 years ago by using and manipulating the UN mechanism on decolonisation.

As thousands of Papuans guarded the governor’s residence, Jakarta employed two cunning ruses to kidnap the governor, the humanist approach and what the Jakarta elites now proudly refer to as “nasi bungkus” (“pack of rice strategy”).

A visit by Firli Bahuri, chair of KPK, to the governor in Koya Jayapura, Papua, on 3 November 2022, was perceived as being “humane”, but it was a false approach intended to gain trust, thereby weakening the Papuan support for their final attack on the governor.

Recently leaked information from the governor’s side alleged that the chair had advised the Governor to put his health first, allowing him to travel to Singapore for routine medical check-ups as he had in the past.

KPK, however, stated that it had never said such things to Governor Enembe during that meeting.

With hindsight, what seemed to have resulted from the KPK chief’s visit to the Governor’s house had “loosened” the governor’s defence.

This then, processed by Indonesian intelligence began keeping a daily count of the number of Papuan civilians guarding the governor’s house by calculating the number of “nasi bungkus”purchased to feed the hungry guardians of the Governor.

Moreover, critics say information was fabricated regarding an alleged plan for the ill Governor to flee overseas through his highland village in Mamit a few days prior to the kidnapping which would justify this act.

Kidnapping, sending into exile, imprisoning, and psychologically torturing of Papuan leaders within the Indonesia’s legal system may be part of Indonesia’s overall strategy in maintaining its control over West Papua as its frontier settler colony.

In order to achieve Jakarta’s objectives, eliminating the power and hope emerging from West Papuan leaders appears to have been the key strategy.

Victor Yeimo’s fate in Indonesia
Victory Yeimo, a Papuan independence figure facing similar health problems, has also been placed under the Indonesian judiciary with no clear outcome to date.

He faces charges of treason and incitement for his alleged role in anti-racial protests that turned into riots in 2019, following the attack on Papuan students in Surabaya by Indonesian militia.

Yeimo provided a key insight into how this colonial justice system operated in a short video that recently appeared on Twitter. He explained:

“ALTHOUGH I HAVE NOT BEEN CHARGED, BUT I HAVE ALREADY BEEN CHARGED WITH THE LAW, AS IF I WANTED TO BE PUNISHED, SO I HAVE BEEN SENTENCED. IT APPEARS AS IF THE DECISION HAS ALREADY BEEN MADE. AH, THIS SEEMS UNFAIR TO ME AND IS A LESSON TO THE PAPUAN PEOPLE. YOU [INDONESIA] DECIDE WHETHER OR NOT THERE IS LEGAL JUSTICE IN THIS COUNTRY?

Tragically, choices and decisions of existence for Papuan leaders like Governor Enembe and Victor Yeimo are made by a shadowy figure, camouflaged in a human costume, incapable of feeling the pain of another.Yamin Kogoya is a West Papuan academic/activist who has a Master of Applied Anthropology and Partic

Kiwi pilot taken hostage by Papuan separatists in Indonesia flew dangerous routes to support family

02:33, Feb 08 2023

A New Zealand pilot has been taken hostage by separatist fighters in Papua province, who say they will not release him “unless Indonesia recognises and frees Papua from Indonesian colonialism”.

Papuan police said soldiers and officers were searching for pilot Philips Max Marthin after independence fighters stormed the plane when it landed at a remote airport in Paro, in the mountainous district of Nduga.

Sebby Sambom, a spokesman for the separatists, said independence fighters from the West Papua Liberation Army, the military wing of the Free Papua Organization, attacked and set fire to the small aircraft as part of their struggle for independence. He demanded that all flights to Nduga be halted.

“We have taken the pilot hostage and we are bringing him out,” Sambom said in a statement. “We will never release the pilot we are holding hostage unless Indonesia recognises and frees Papua from Indonesian colonialism.”

Sambom said Marthin was alive, but did not reveal his location. Five passengers who were on board, including a young child, were released because they were indigenous Papuans.

The pilot was being held because New Zealand, along with Australia and the United States, cooperate militarily with Indonesia, Sambom said.

“New Zealand, Australia and America must be held accountable for what they have done, helping the Indonesian military to kill and wage genocide against indigenous Papuans in the past 60 years,” Sambom said.

The plane, operated by Indonesian aviation company Susi Air, was carrying about 450km of supplies from an airport in Timika, a mining town in neighbouring Mimika district.

Conflicts between indigenous Papuans and Indonesian security forces are common in the impoverished Papua region, a former Dutch colony in the western part of New Guinea that is ethnically and culturally distinct from much of Indonesia.

Papua was incorporated into Indonesia in 1969 after a UN-sponsored ballot that was widely seen as a sham. Since then, a low-level insurgency has simmered in the mineral-rich region, which is divided into two provinces, Papua and West Papua.

Conflict in the region has spiked in the past year, with dozens of rebels, security forces and civilians killed.

Last July, gunmen believed to be separatist rebels killed 10 traders who came from other Indonesian islands and an indigenous Papuan. Sambom later claimed responsibility for the killing, accusing the victims of being spies for the Indonesian government.

Last March, rebel gunmen killed eight technicians repairing a remote telecommunications tower. In December 2018, at least 31 construction workers and a soldier were killed in one of the worst attacks in the province.

Flying is the only practical way of accessing many areas in the mountainous and jungle-clad easternmost provinces of Papua and West Papua.

———————

https://www.benarnews.org/english/news/indonesian/pilot-hostage-02072023142052.html?fbclid=IwAR1iuwWgAqIxyx1sgNcys9u3gAtsIu6fZ7gGK56oqSf7MO_EZK2duGyAiys

2) Rebels take New Zealand pilot hostage in Indonesia’s Papua province

Victor Mambor and Dandy Koswaraputra

 2023.02.07

 Jayapura, Indonesia, and Jakarta

Rebels burned a small commercial plane at an airport in Papua and took its New Zealand pilot hostage on Tuesday, in the latest attack by armed separatists targeting civil aviation in the Indonesian province.

However, the fate of five Papuan passengers on the Susi Air flight was not immediately known after the plane was set on fire on the tarmac in Nduga regency.

A statement issued by the rebels made no mention of them, but a lawyer for the airline said that five passengers were on board. A spokesman for the insurgent group meanwhile told BenarNews that only non-Papuans would have been taken hostage.

In its statement, the West Papua National Liberation Army (TPNPB) said it planned to hold the pilot, identified by local media as New Zealander Philip Merthens, 37, hostage.

“We TPNPB … will not release the pilot unless Indonesia sets us free from its colonization,” Egianus Kogoya, the local commander of the Liberation Army, said in the statement.

In a similar incident in 2021, Papuan rebels held hostage another Susi Air pilot from New Zealand, and his passengers, but later released them unharmed. Also that year, Papuan rebels set fire to an airplane operated by an American-Christian humanitarian organization and shot a helicopter contracted by a U.S.-Indonesian mining company during separate attacks in the region at the far-eastern end of Indonesia.

The statement from the TPBPB about the latest incident went on to say that rebels had burned a Susi Air plane at Paro district airport in Nduga regency. The statement also demanded that all flights to Nduga be stopped.

Asked about the fate of the five Papuan passengers, Kogoya told BenarNews: “They are all indigenous Papuans. If they had been non-Papuans, we would have held them.”

Susi Air owner Susi Pudjiastuti, a former cabinet minister, urged the captors to not harm the passengers and pilot.

“Please pray and give support. With all humility and for the sake of humanity, we appeal for the safety of the pilot and passengers,” Susi wrote on Twitter. 

Authorities in the provincial capital, Jayapura, said they were sending a team to investigate claims that the pilot was held hostage.

“We are still investigating the veracity of this information. A lack of access to communication means that many rumors have surfaced,” said Ignatius Benny Ady Prabowo, Papua police spokesman.

“It is possible that the pilot and passengers are being sheltered by the local community because the plane was set on fire and there was no means of transportation to Timika,” he said.

A lawyer for Susi Air, Donald Faris, confirmed that the plane was set ablaze by a rebel group, but said the company had not been contacted by anyone claiming responsibility for the attack. 

“We are still waiting for the competent authorities … to take practical steps to be able to resolve this matter,” Donald told BenarNews.

Meanwhile, Benny also said police were investigating reports that rebels have been holding 15 workers who were building a community health clinic in Nduga province since Saturday.

History of violence

Violence and tensions in Papua, a region that makes up the western half of New Guinea island, have intensified in recent years.

In July 2022, rebels killed 10 civilians, mostly traders from other parts of Indonesia, accusing them of being spies for government security forces.

It was the deadliest attack by insurgents in the region since 2018 when insurgents attacked workers who were building roads and bridges in Nduga, killing 20 people, including an Indonesian soldier. At the time, the TPNPB said those killed were not civilian workers, but soldiers from the army’s engineering detachment.

The attack prompted the government to send more troops to Papua.

The region has a history of human rights violations by Indonesian security forces and police. Papuan separatist rebels also have been accused of attacking civilians.

In 1963, Indonesian forces invaded Papua, a former Dutch colony like Indonesia, and annexed it.

In 1969, the United Nations sponsored a referendum where only about 1,000 people voted. Despite accusations that the vote was a farce, the U.N. recognized the outcome, effectively endorsing Indonesia’s control over Papua.

Nazarudin Latif in Jakarta contributed to this report.

—————————–

https://www.rnz.co.nz/news/world/483830/new-zealand-pilot-taken-hostage-in-indonesia

3) New Zealand pilot taken hostage in Indonesia

27 minutes ago  

Separatist fighters in Indonesia’s Papua region have taken a New Zealand pilot hostage after setting a small commercial plane alight when it landed in a remote highland area on Tuesday, a pro-independence group says in a statement.

A police spokesperson in Papua province, Ignatius Benny Adi Prabowo, said authorities were investigating the incident, with police and military personnel sent to the area to locate the pilot and five passengers, Reuters is reporting.

“We cannot send many personnel there because Nduga is a difficult area to reach. We can only go there by plane,” he said.

A military spokesperson in Papua, Herman Taryaman, said the pilot had been identified as Captain Philip Merthens and it was unclear if the five accompanying passengers had also been abducted.

The plane operated by Susi Air landed safely early on Tuesday morning, before being attacked by rebel fighters, authorities said.

The West Papua National Liberation Army (TPNPB) claimed responsibility for the attack in a statement seen by Reuters, saying the pilot would not be released until the Indonesian government acknowledged the independence of West Papua – which refers to the western side of New Guinea island.

The TPNPB made no mention of the passengers, but said this was the second time the group had taken a hostage. The first incident was in 1996.

New Zealand Prime Minister Chris Hipkins told Morning Report he had not had a full briefing yet, but the New Zealand Embassy was working on the case.

“New Zealand diplomatic officials are aware of it. They haven’t yet fully briefed me on what they know and what they are doing, but I’m aware they are working on the case.”

It was standard practice to give hostage situations minimal publicity, he said.

The New Zealand embassy in Jakarta and the Indonesian Foreign Ministry did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

Indonesia’s easternmost provinces have been wracked with a low-level battle for independence since the resource-rich region was controversially brought under Indonesian control in a vote overseen by the United Nations in 1969.

The conflict has escalated significantly since 2018, with pro-independence fighters mounting deadlier and more frequent attacks.

The increased intensity of these attacks have been enabled by an improved ability to obtain more weapons, including by raiding and stealing from army posts, cross-border purchases and the illegal sale of government-issued weapons, the Institute for Policy Analysis of Conflict said in a report last year.

Susi Air founder and former fisheries minister Susi Pudjiastuti said on Twitter she was praying for the safety of the pilot and passengers.

RNZ has approached the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in New Zealand for comment.

– Reuters

Minister wants ‘yes or no’ answer to ULMWP Application

anuatu’s Minister for Foreign Affairs, Jotham Napat, said he is considering visiting Suva, Honiara and Port Moresby to personally get a “yes or no” answer as to whether or not their Governments support the United Liberation Movement of West Papua (ULMWP) full membership of the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) before the MSG Summit in Port Vila later this year.

The Minister spoke of his intention in his Office, when the seven strong Lobby Team led by ULMWP Interim President, Benny Wenda, appealed for his support this week.

The Minister said he had met with senior officials from the MSG Secretariat to brief him on the processes towards the Application by United Liberation Movement for West Papua for full membership of the MSG.

Following the answers to his queries from the MSG Secretariat, the Minister said he plans to personally tour all member countries of MSG to get each one to come out clear as to whether or not they support ULMWP’s Application for full membership of MSG in the next MSG Summit in Port Vila.

The Lobby Team Leader, Benny Wenda, briefed the Minister on the plight of his people and the killings of approximately 500,000 Melanesians in the last half a century.

He asked how the military of such country could be involved in astronomical human abuse while being allowed to sit as an Associate Member of a Melanesian political organisation.

Former Prime Minister, Joe Natuman who with the involvement of the Pacific Council of Churches and Malvatumauri Council of Chiefs, witnessed the birth of the first ever West Papua “male child” called United Liberation Movement of West Papua in 2014.

Natuman reiterated the late Prime Minister, Father Walter Lini’s emphasis which said Vanuatu would not be completely free until West Papua and Kanaky became free from colonialism.

President of Vanuatu Free West Papua Association, Elder Job Dalesa compared West Papua’s historical plight to Israelis “crying in the wilderness until God heard their cry” and freed team.

In the same way, Vanuatu heard the cry of the people of West Papua and stepped up to stand up with them to “amplify” their cry for freedom.

It resulted in the successful formation of the UMWP in the ‘nasara’ of the Chiefs’ Nakamal in November of 2014.

“Our target is for ULMWP to become a full member of MSG,” he said.

Since MSG is recognised by the United Nations, Dalesa said ULMWP would be able to sit on the same table to talk on equal footing with Jakarta. “It would open the door for West Papua and Indonesia to talk to each other,” he said.

The Lobby Team appealed to the Minister to use his networks to influence support for ULMWP to be accepted for full membership of MSG. “With your support, my team wishes to meet with all relevant Ministries including the Office of the Prime Minister this week if it is possible,” he said.

Mr. Wenda said his people have been isolated from the rest of the world for 57 years. “When we go to Europe and Africa to lobby internationally, they always ask us, ‘What about your neighbour countries in Melanesia?’

“So we are confused and are looking for our Melanesian nakamal. In the last 50 years, Indonesia has massacred 500,000 men and women,” he said.

“It is hard to explain (but) we have been killed because of our Melanesian race and because we are Christians. Seven of our pastors have been killed including our bible prominent translator in Dunga two years ago.

“Under international law, Indonesia’s occupation of West Papua is illegal so it has no right to control our country. The occupiers have illegally banned international media, Amnesty International and the Red Cross from entering our country for the last 57 years.

“Only a few people were lucky to escape from Indonesia. I myself was lucky enough to escape a 25-year prison term simply for flying our West Papua flag.

“I hope that with your Government’s involvement, we would become a full member of MSG to sit down with Indonesia to talk about our future. That is what we ask.”

The Interim President said it is their prayer that they would be able to sit face to face to talk with Indonesia.

Internationally, Wenda says 83 countries have agreed for Indonesia to allow a United Nations Human Right Commissioner to visit West Papua. Jakarta has turned a blind eye to the request.

“And here they come, the Indonesians are pretending that they are clean of any wrong doing, talking to Melanesians in MSG while ULMWP is left out in the cold.

“ULMWP under my leadership – we are ready to engage with Indonesia. In 2019, I signaled Jakarta that I was ready to meet with the President of Indonesia. I am still waiting”.

It is his prayer that through the MSG Summit, they would be able to speak up for their God-given rights to govern themselves.

news@dailypost.vu

Facebook Twitter Email Print

ASIAN HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION – URGENT APPEALS PROGRAMMEUrgent Appeal Case: AHRC-UAC-001-2023February 03, 2023


INDONESIA: A Papuan journalist faced terror and intimidation due to a loud explosion

ISSUES: Press freedom, the freedom of expression, the rule of law, access to justice, the freedom of information

———————————————————————

The Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) has received information from the Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence (KontraS) regarding the terror and intimidation experienced by a senior journalist of Jubi Papua, Mr. Victor Mambor, on Monday 23, January 2023. The terror and intimidation occurred near his house which is located in the Angkasa Pura Village, the Jayapura Utara District, the Jayapura City, the Papua Province, at 04.20 a.m. (Papua time).

CASE NARRATIVE:

Based on the chronology of the case that we received, on Monday, at around 02.00 a.m., Mr. Victor Mambor woke up and then left the house to do something. Subsequently, at around 04.00 a.m., Mr. Mambor went back into his house to watch television. Shortly thereafter, Mr. Mambor heard the sound of a motorbike approaching his house and the motorbike stopped for a few minutes. A few minutes later, the motorbike left Victor’s house, and subsequently, there was a loud explosion, which resulted in Victor’s house vibrating. It is estimated that the explosion occurred at around 04.20 a.m. Based on the closed circuit television (CCTV) camera installed in one corner of Victor’s house, it appears that an automatic motorbike passed Victor’s house right before the bomb exploded. There is a strong suspicion that it was the motorbike that planted the bomb at Victor’s house.

This case of terror is not the first time that Victor Mambor has experienced the same, as previously, on April 21, 2021, Victor’s car was damaged by an unknown person and to date, the perpetrators of the damage have not been uncovered by the law enforcement.

We are suspicious that the acts of terror and intimidation experienced by Mr. Victor Mambor are related to his profession as a journalist. Bearing in mind that Victor is the leader of the Jubi Papua Tabloid, and moreover, he is currently monitoring several cases that are currently happening in the Papua Island such as incidents of mutilation, the Bloody Paniai case, the shooting at Gunung Bintang, etc. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:

In fact, journalists, in carrying out their duties, must be protected as stipulated under Article 8 of the Law, No. 40 of 1999 concerning the press. The freedom of the press is also guaranteed as a human right of citizens as stipulated under Article 4 of the Law, No. 40 of 1999. Furthermore, we also see that this act of terror and intimidation is a form of violation of Article 30 of the Law, No. 39 of 1999, concerning human rights, in particular, the right to feel safe and secure as well as protection against the threat of fear to do or not to do something.

Related to the case, the Government, through law enforcement instruments, is obliged to thoroughly investigate the case and ensure the security and safety of the victims and their families. This is important to do so that similar incidents do not happen again. Considering based on KontraS’ documentation, over the past year, from December 2021 to November 2022, there have been at least 48 cases of violence in Papua that have victimized civilians where 13 victims experienced intimidation and forced dissolution, 72 were arrested, 68 were injured and 28 were killed.

SUGGESTED ACTION:

Please write to the authorities listed below. Request the following action. Ask them to ensure:

Firstly, for the Papua Regional Police Office (Polda Papua) to be able to carry out their duties in a transparent and accountable manner in carrying out investigations related to this case, and thereby, the perpetrators can be exposed and prosecuted under the judicial processes. 

Secondly, for the Witness and Victim Protection Agency (LPSK) to actively guarantee protection for the security and safety of Mr. Victor Mambor and his family. 

The AHRC is writing a separate letter to the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to the freedom of opinion and expression.

To support this case, please click here:  


SAMPLE LETTER:

Dear ___________,

INDONESIA: A Papuan journalist faced terror and intimidation due to a loud explosion

Name of victim: Mr. Victor Mambor

Names of alleged perpetrators: Unknown 
Date of incident: on Monday 23, January 2023
Place of incident: Angkasa Pura Village, Jayapura Utara District, Jayapura City, Papua Province

I am writing to voice my deep concern regarding the terror and intimidation experienced by a senior journalist of Jubi Papua, Mr. Victor Mambor, on Monday 23, January 2023. The terror and intimidation occurred near his house which is located in the Angkasa Pura Village, the Jayapura Utara District, the Jayapura City, the Papua Province, at 04.20 a.m. (Papua time).

Based on the chronology of the case that we received, on Monday, at around 02.00 a.m., Mr. Victor Mambor woke up and then left the house to do something. Subsequently, at around 04.00 a.m., Mr. Mambor went back into his house to watch television. Shortly thereafter, Mr. Mambor heard the sound of a motorbike approaching his house and the motorbike stopped for a few minutes. A few minutes later, the motorbike left Victor’s house, and subsequently, there was a loud explosion, which resulted in Victor’s house vibrating. It is estimated that the explosion occurred at around 04.20 a.m. Based on the closed circuit television (CCTV) camera installed in one corner of Victor’s house, it appears that an automatic motorbike passed Victor’s house right before the bomb exploded. There is a strong suspicion that it was the motorbike that planted the bomb at Victor’s house.

This case of terror is not the first time that Victor Mambor has experienced the same, as previously, on April 21, 2021, Victor’s car was damaged by an unknown person and to date, the perpetrators of the damage have not been uncovered by the law enforcement.

We are suspicious that the acts of terror and intimidation experienced by Mr. Victor Mambor are related to his profession as a journalist. Bearing in mind that Victor is the leader of the Jubi Papua Tabloid, and moreover, he is currently monitoring several cases that are currently happening in the Papua Island such as incidents of mutilation, the Bloody Paniai case, the shooting at Gunung Bintang, etc. 

Therefore, I resepectfully urge you to ensure:

Firstly, for the Papua Regional Police Office (Polda Papua) to be able to carry out their duties in a transparent and accountable manner in carrying out investigations related to this case, and thereby, the perpetrators can be exposed and prosecuted under the judicial processes. 

Secondly, for the Witness and Victim Protection Agency (LPSK) to actively guarantee protection for the security and safety of Mr. Victor Mambor and his family. 

Yours sincerely,


PLEASE SEND YOUR LETTERS TO

  1. Mr. Joko Widodo
    President of the Republic of Indonesia
    Jl. Veteran No. 16
    Jakarta Pusat
    INDONESIA
    Tel: +62 21 3458 595
    Fax: +62 21 3484 4759
    E-mail: webmaster@setneg.go.id

2. Mr. Yasonna Laoly
Minister of Law and Human Rights
Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said Kav. 6–7
Kuningan, Jakarta 12940
INDONESIA
Tel: +62 21 525 3006, 525 3889
Fax: +62 21 525 3095

3. Dr. Mualimin Abdi, S.H., M.H.

Director General of Human Rights

Office of the Director General of Human Rights

Jl. H.R. Rasuna Said Kav. 6–7

Kuningan, Jakarta 12940

INDONESIA

Tel: +62 21 5253006

Fax: +62 21 5253095

4. General of Police Listyo Sigit Prabowo

Chief of National Police (KAPOLRI)

Jl. Trunojoyo No. 3, Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta Selatan 12110

INDONESIA

Tel: +62 21 384 8537, 726 0306

Fax: +62 21 7220 669

E-mail: info@polri.go.id

5. Police Inspector General.Mathius D. Fakhiri, S.I.K.

The Chief of Police Area of Papua [KAPOLDA]
Jalan. Sam Ratulangi No. 8, Papua 99112
INDONESIA
Tel: +62 967 531014
Fax : +62 967 533763

6. Ms. Poengky Indarti
Commissioner of the National Police Commission
Jl. Tirtayasa VII No. 20
Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta Selatan
INDONESIA
Tel: +62 21 739 2315
Fax: +62 21 739 2352
E-mail: secretariat@kompolnas.go.idskm@kompolnas.go.id


 

Thank you.


Urgent Appeals Programme
Asian Human Rights Commission (ua@ahrc.asia)

Read this UAC online

powered by phpList 3.6.10, © phpList ltd

Environmental group predicts jump in palm oil, mining permits ahead of

2024 elections

CNN Indonesia – February 1, 2023

CNN Indonesia – February 1, 2023

Jakarta — The Indonesian Forum for the Environment (Walhi) predicts that the issuance of mining and palm oil plantation permits will increase during the political year in the lead up to the 2024 elections.

This prediction is a reflection on what happened in 2018, ahead of the

2019 elections.

Walhi noted that as many as 1,158 Forest Concession Rights (HPH) were issued in 2018. Then, 1,524 Business License Management of Industrial Plantation Forest Products (IUPHHK-HTI). A total of 76,040 Forest Use Loan Permits (IPPKH) and 1,422 Mining Business Permits (WIUP) were issued.

“In political years the issuance of permits always increases”, said Walhi Executive Director Zenzi Suhadi during the launch of the book “Monitoring the Environment” on Tuesday January 31.

In addition to this, it is predicted that there will be more mining and palm oil companies operating illegally in forest areas that will be “forgiven” or given clearance to continue operating.

“It won’t just be the issuance of permits that will increase but also a mass amnesty for crimes in the natural resource sector”, he said.

Suhadi said that during President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo’s second term in office there were some 829 palm oil companies and 1,600 mining companies that were proven to have committed environmental violations.

But with the issuance of Law Number 11/2020 on Job Creation (Ciptaker) thousands of companies became eligible for an amnesty under the condition that they make administrative improvements and pay a fine. The law gives them three years to fulfill this requirement.

Even though the Constitutional Court declared the Jobs Law conditionally unconstitutional in November 2021, said Suhadi, thousands of companies could still potentially be forgiven. This is because in December last year President Widodo issued a government regulation in lieu of law

(Perppu) to replace the Jobs Law.

“Two thousand or so companies will again be given an opportunity in November this year. November this year is a political year, the year in which the candidates register themselves for the elections”, he said.

“We’ll see, in November 2023 and with the Perppu Ciptaker, the state is giving space to the political elite to involve natural resource business criminals to get involved in Indonesian politics”, he said.

Last year, the Environment and Forestry Ministry (KLHK) revealed that there are more than a thousand companies found to be operating illegally in forest areas throughout the territory of Indonesia.

Thanks the Jobs Law, these companies can receive amnesties and continue operating.

So far, a total of 75 companies operating in forest areas have received amnesties using the Jobs Law. The breakdown is 18 companies that were “forgiven” using Article 110B of the law and 57 using Article 110A of the law.

This data was outlined by KLHK Secretary General Bambang Hendroyono during a meeting with the House of Representatives (DPR) Commission IV in Jakarta on Monday August 23, 2021. (yla/DAL)

[Translated by James Balowski. The original title of the article was

“LSM: Pemutihan Perusahaan Sawit & Tambang Ilegal Akan Naik Jelang 2024”.]

Source:

https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20230131134057-20-907037/lsm-pemutihan-perusahaan-sawit-tambang-ilegal-akan-naik-jelang-2024

—————————————————————

INDOLEFT News service

If you are not already subscribing to this news service, you can do so by sending a blank e-mail to <subscribe-indoleft@riseup.list.net> and you will be automatically added to the list.

Tlections.

Walhi noted that as many as 1,158 Forest Concession Rights (HPH) were issued in 2018. Then, 1,524 Business License Management of Industrial Plantation Forest Products (IUPHHK-HTI). A total of 76,040 Forest Use Loan Permits (IPPKH) and 1,422 Mining Business Permits (WIUP) were issued.

“In political years the issuance of permits always increases”, said Walhi Executive Director Zenzi Suhadi during the launch of the book “Monitoring the Environment” on Tuesday January 31.

In addition to this, it is predicted that there will be more mining and palm oil companies operating illegally in forest areas that will be “forgiven” or given clearance to continue operating.

“It won’t just be the issuance of permits that will increase but also a mass amnesty for crimes in the natural resource sector”, he said.

Suhadi said that during President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo’s second term in office there were some 829 palm oil companies and 1,600 mining companies that were proven to have committed environmental violations.

But with the issuance of Law Number 11/2020 on Job Creation (Ciptaker) thousands of companies became eligible for an amnesty under the condition that they make administrative improvements and pay a fine. The law gives them three years to fulfill this requirement.

Even though the Constitutional Court declared the Jobs Law conditionally unconstitutional in November 2021, said Suhadi, thousands of companies could still potentially be forgiven. This is because in December last year President Widodo issued a government regulation in lieu of law

(Perppu) to replace the Jobs Law.

“Two thousand or so companies will again be given an opportunity in November this year. November this year is a political year, the year in which the candidates register themselves for the elections”, he said.

“We’ll see, in November 2023 and with the Perppu Ciptaker, the state is giving space to the political elite to involve natural resource business criminals to get involved in Indonesian politics”, he said.

Last year, the Environment and Forestry Ministry (KLHK) revealed that there are more than a thousand companies found to be operating illegally in forest areas throughout the territory of Indonesia.

Thanks the Jobs Law, these companies can receive amnesties and continue operating.

So far, a total of 75 companies operating in forest areas have received amnesties using the Jobs Law. The breakdown is 18 companies that were “forgiven” using Article 110B of the law and 57 using Article 110A of the law.

This data was outlined by KLHK Secretary General Bambang Hendroyono during a meeting with the House of Representatives (DPR) Commission IV in Jakarta on Monday August 23, 2021. (yla/DAL)

[Translated by James Balowski. The original title of the article was

“LSM: Pemutihan Perusahaan Sawit & Tambang Ilegal Akan Naik Jelang 2024”.]

Source:

https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20230131134057-20-907037/lsm-pemutihan-perusahaan-sawit-tambang-ilegal-akan-naik-jelang-2024

—————————————————————

INDOLEFT News service

If you are not already subscribing to this news service, you can do so by sending a blank e-mail to <subscribe-indoleft@riseup.list.net> and you will be automatically added to the list.

To view the archive of Indoleft postings since 2003 visit:

<https://www.indoleft.org>.

Wenda only West Papuan to have successfully escaped from an Indonesian prison

By Len Garae  3 hrs ago

Benny Wenda is both an International Lobbyist for Independence of West Papua as well as Interim President of the United Liberation Movement for West Papua (ULMWP) Provisional Government. But he is much, much more than that. His future was prophesied by his people to go to school in order to carry the message to the world with his “pencil” for West Papua freedom.

At the beginning he was a displaced child with his mother and Lani Tribe for seven years fending for themselves in the jungle and mountains of West Papua, while hiding from the Indonesian soldiers.

In his latest revelation, the Interim President tells me he saw with his own eyes what the Indonesian soldiers did to his mother. Out of Melanesian decency, it cannot be mentioned in this article.

His uncle insisted on sending him to school and Wenda was sent to school in Jayapura. “I was seated next to an Indonesian female student who immediately spat in my face. I wiped away her spittle with my hand and suspected that coming from the jungle, perhaps I needed to shower properly. So the next morning I showered three times before class. As soon as I sat down on my chair, she spat in my face again. My Indonesian teacher turned a blind eye as though nothing had happened,” he says.

Despite the mistreatment in his own country, he bravely struggled to get an education for the freedom of his people. Between 1977 and 1983 Benny and his family, along with thousands of other highlanders, lived in hiding in the jungle. He was appointed leader by the elders in his tribe, and later after the Lani people surrendered to the Indonesian military he attended Cenderawasih University in Jayapura, studying Sociology.

Benny went on to complete a degree in sociology and politics in Jayapura. While at university, he initiated discussion groups for Papuan students in Jayapura – of all ages and from all tribes from both the highlands and coastal regions – so they could come together and talk about what it was to be Papuan.

Without going into detail, Benny said he was jailed for 25 years for raising the Morning Sun West Papua Flag.

While in jail, he recalls that he missed being assassinated once. “I knew that I had to pray for God’s intervention to help me escape from prison. I also called on all my ancestors to intervene. Then one night in the middle of the night, I went to the toilet and executed my escape plan without knowing as to what the security lights searching the perimeter every few seconds should shine on me, as well as without knowing what awaited me on the other side of the wall,” he said.

There were three walls to jump and the security lights came on and off when he executed his escape.

Benny became the only West Papuan to have successfully escaped to freedom from an Indonesian prison.

He says he walked to his people and the news of his escape astonished both Indonesian and West Papuan.

Asked if he has any wish for a permanent job, he replies with his knockout smile that this is it – to free his people. He has never enjoyed another job.

news@dailypost.vu

PAPUAN JOURNALIST, VICTOR MAMBOR, TARGETED BY BOMB

Image

An unknown person threw a bomb near the house of Jubi journalist Victor Mambor in Jayapura City, West Papua, on Monday at 04.00 a.m. West Papua is the most dangerous region for journalists in Indonesia and Victor Mambor has been targeted several times.

The bomb exploded about three meters from Victor Mambor’s house in North Jayapura District, Jayapura City. Victor said, before a low-power explosion occurred, he heard the sound of a motorcycle stopping which was recorded by the CCTV at his house. Victor and his family are safe, nor is there any damage to his house.

A police team has been investigating the incident on the ground, taking Victor’s statement and finding evidence of the bomb blast.

Victor is the founder of an independent news website in Papua, Jubi.id. He has been repeatedly subjected to digital attacks such as doxing, hacking and online harassment. On April 21, 2021, his car was vandalized by unknown people. No perpetrators have ever been arrested for these attacks.

The Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI) strongly condemns the bombings as a threat to press freedom in Papua. AJI urges the Indonesian Police to thoroughly investigate the perpetrators behind the terror. AJI call all journalists in Papua not to be afraid and give up on voicing the truth amidst various obstacles. 

AJI Indonesia recorded 114 cases of violence against journalists from 2000-2021. Meanwhile, in 2022 there were four cases of attacks against 7 journalists in West Papua.

Bomb explodes near senior journalist’s home in Indonesia’s restive Papua

Dandy Koswaraputra and Pizaro Gozali Idrus
2023.01.23
Jakarta

Share on WhatsApp
Share on WhatsApp

Bomb explodes near senior journalist’s home in Indonesia’s restive PapuaPolice gather evidence near the site of a bomb explosion that took place outside the house of a senior journalist, Victor Mambor, in Jayapura, Papua, Indonesia, Jan. 23, 2023.

[AJI Jayapura for BenarNews]

A veteran reporter known for covering rights abuses in Indonesia’s militarized and restive Papua region said a bomb exploded outside his residence on Monday, with a journalists group calling it an act of intimidation that threatened press freedom.

No one was injured in the blast near his home in the provincial capital, Jayapura, said Victor Mambor, editor of Papua’s leading news website, Jubi, and a contributor to BenarNews and other media. 

Police said they were investigating the explosion and that no one had yet claimed responsibility.

“Yes, someone threw a bomb,” Papua Police spokesperson Ignatius Benny told BenarNews. “The motive and perpetrators are unknown.”

Mambor said he heard the sound of a motorcycle at about 4 a.m. and then an explosion about a minute later. “It was so loud that my house shook like there was an earthquake,” he told BenarNews. 

“I also checked the source of the explosion and smelled sulfur coming from the side of the house.” 

The explosion left a hole in the road, he said. 

The incident was not the first to occur outside Mambor’s home. In April 2021, windows were smashed and paint sprayed on his car in the middle of the night.

Mambor is also an advocate for press freedom in Papua. In that role, he has criticized Jakarta’s restrictions on the media in Papua, as well as its other policies in his troubled home province.

Indonesian journalists’ organization AJI awarded Mambor its press freedom award in August 2022, saying that through Jubi, “Victor brings more voices from Papua, amid domination of information that is biased, one-sided and discriminatory.” 

The Jayapura branch of AJI, which stands for Alliance of Independent Journalists, called the explosion outside Mambor’s house on Monday a “terrorist bombing.”

“AJI in Jayapura strongly condemns the terrorist bombing and considers this an act of intimidation that threatens press freedom in Papua,” it said in a statement.

“AJI Jayapura calls on all journalists in the land of Papua to continue to voice the truth despite obstacles. Justice should be upheld even though the sky is falling,” said AJI Chairman Lucky Ireeuw.

Amnesty International Indonesia urged the police to find those responsible.

“The police must thoroughly investigate this incident, because this is not the first time … meaning there was an omission that made the perpetrators feel free to do it again, to intimidate and threaten journalists,” Amnesty’s campaign manager in Indonesia, Nurina Savitri, told BenarNews.

The Papua region, located at the eastern end of the Indonesian archipelago, has been the site of a decades-old separatist insurgency where both government security forces and rebels have been accused of committing atrocities against civilians.

Foreign journalists have been largely barred from the area, with the government insisting it could not guarantee their safety.  Indonesian journalists allege that officials make their work difficult by refusing to provide information. 

The armed elements of the independence movement have stepped up lethal attacks on Indonesian security forces, civilians and targets such as construction of a trans-Papua highway that would make the Papuan highlands more accessible.

Human Rights Watch, meanwhile, has accused Indonesian security forces of intimidation, arbitrary arrests, torture, extrajudicial killings and mass forced displacement in Papua.

Last month, Indonesian activist group KontraS said 36 people were killed by security forces and separatist rebels in the Papua and West Papua provinces in 2022, an increase from 28 in 2021. 

Family of Mimika mutilation victims disappointed perpetrator charged with 4 years in prison

News Desk – Murder Of 4 Nduga Residents In Mimika

 20 January 2023

Jayapura, Jubi – The families of the four Nduga residents victims of murder and mutilation were disappointed with the Military prosecutor’s charges against the defendant Maj. Inf Helmanto Fransiskus Dakhi in a trial held by the Surabaya High Military Court III at the Military Court III-19 in Jayapura City on Thursday, January 19, 2023.

The victims’ lawyer also questioned the prosecutor’s construction of the indictment for Helmanto Fransiskus Dakhi, which led to what they considered as weak punishment, namely a 4-year prison sentence and dismissal from the Army service to Dakhi.

The families of victims were disappointed with the charges brought against Dakhi in Thursday’s hearing. “To this day, our families have not received the heads, feet and hands of the four victims. What was cremated was only part of the body. The charges are not comparable to the crime done,” said Pale Gwijangge, one of the victims’ relatives who was presented as a witness in the previous trial on Wednesday.

Helmanto Fransiskus Dakhi is one of six soldiers of the Raider 20/Ima Jaya Keramo Infantry Brigade who are defendants in the murder and mutilation of four Nduga residents (Arnold Lokbere, Irian Nirigi, Lemaniel Nirigi, and Atis Tini) that occurred in Settlement Unit 1, Mimika Baru District, Mimika Regency on August 22, 2022. The other five defendants are Capt. Inf Dominggus Kainama (who died on December 24, 2022 due to heart disease), First Pvt. Rahmat Amin Sese, First Pvt. Rizky Oktaf Muliawan, First Pvt. Robertus Putra Clinsman, and Chief Pvt. Pargo Rumbouw.

Dakhi’s trial was examined by a panel of judges of the High Military Court III Surabaya led by chief judge Col. Chk Sultan, with member judges Col. Chk Agus Husin and Col. Chk Prastiti Siswayani. The witness examination session of the case was moved to Military Court III-19 Jayapura because most of the witnesses were in Papua.

Pale Gwijangge emphasized that the trial of Dakhi’s case had clearly proven that Dakhi was involved in the entire process and planned the murder and mutilation. Aptoro Lokbere, Arnold Lokbere’s brother, echoed Gwijangge, saying that the Military prosecutor’s did not side with the victims. “They killed and mutilated humans. What they did was heinous and unforgivable,” said Aptoro.

The offense of premeditated murder as stipulated in Article 340 of the Criminal Code carries a maximum penalty of death. According to Aptoro, that is what should be charged against the perpetrators. The current charges, Aptoro said, were not commensurate with the actions of the defendant. “We ask that Maj. Dakhi be treated the same as his subordinates, because in the reconstruction it was proven that he was fully involved in the crime,” he said.

Construction of indictment implausible

The victims’ lawyer, Gustaf Kawer, said that since the beginning of the trial, the prosecutor and the panel of judges had not communicated with the families of victims. Kawer also questioned why the offense of premeditated murder was not charged to Dakhi as a primary charge as to the other five defendants.

Kawer hopes that the panel of judges will make a different verdict from the prosecutor’s recommendation. “That can happen if the judges stick to the facts of the trial, wherein there is an element of murder planning,” Kawer said.

Kawer said that the witnesses presented in Dakhi’s case gave clear testimony about Dakhi’s involvement in arranging tactics on August 19, 2022 regarding how to trap the victim. The trial also showed that Dakhi was at the fuel warehouse owned by witness Jack on August 20, 2022, and knew about the cancellation of the planned weapon sale transaction on August 21, 2022.

“The defendant also knew about the incident on the night of August 22, 2022, up until the four victims were dumped in the Pigapu River. Even the money that was divided up was from the planning results. So if the charge is Article 480 of the Criminal Code, that is not the case, this is a premeditated murder that cruelly took the lives of four Nduga residents,” he continued.

“Therefore, we really hope that the panel of judges can give the maximum sentence in accordance with the provisions of Article 340 of the Criminal Code. We don’t want the case to be like other cases, such as the death of Pastor Yeremia Zanambani and the shooting of students in, whose legal processes remain unclear,” Kawer said.

Previously, during the trial of the Mimika murder and mutilation case in Surabaya on December 19, 2022, Dakhi was charged by prosecutor Lt. Col. Chk Eri with multiple charges including the article on premeditated murder which carries the death penalty. However, the premeditated murder charge was placed by the prosecutor not as the primary charge.

In the first primary charge, the prosecutor charged Dakhi with Article 480 paragraph 2 jo 55 paragraph (1) of the Criminal Code (on jointly or severally benefiting from the proceeds of an object which he knows or reasonably should suspect that it has been obtained by crime), which carries a maximum penalty of four years imprisonment. (*) —————————-

Police and National Army Personnel Arrest Two Arms Dealer in Papua

Translator Mahinda Arkyasa 

Editor Mahinda Arkyasa 

21 January 2023 00:23 WIB

TEMPO.COJakarta – Joint personnel of the Indonesian National Army and the National Police managed to foil an arms trade involving the Armed Criminal Group (KKB) at Iwot Traditional Port in Boven Digoel, South Papua on Wednesday, January 18, 2023.

The joint personnel arrested two suspects while the remaining three managed to escape

Chief of Boven Digoel Resort Police Adj. Great Commissioner I Komang Budhiarta said that the two arrested perpetrators were identified as AH (20 y.o.) and MK (22 y.o.). The Police confiscated four rifles, 18 12 GS caliber ammunition, and Rp3.8 million in cash.

“The arrest was intentional because initially the officers were responding to reports of disturbance caused by drunk people at the Iwot Traditional Port, on Wednesday morning around 09:00 Eastern Indonesia Time,” Komang said on Friday, January 20, 2023.

Komang said that the police responded to the report, but later found five suspicious persons, which were immediately halted by the officers.

When the officers were about to conduct an examination, three of them fled and the other two were successfully apprehended.

“The two persons were then transported to Boven Digoel Resort Police to be examined and has been determined as suspects for illegal possession of firearms,” Komang added.

Komang explained that the two suspects are charged with Article 1 paragraph (1) of Emergency Law Np. 12 of 1951 in conjunction with Article 55 of the Criminal Code with subject to capital punishment, lifetime imprisonment, or 20 years of imprisonment.

“We call on the people to remain calm because officers remained solid in maintaining security in Boven Digoel Regency. It is true that the border area is wide and there are many access points to Papua New Guinea, we, therefore, requested for the Regional Government support,” Komang concluded.

ANTARA